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Hepatotoxicity from ingestion of wild mushrooms of the genus Amanita section Phalloideae collected in Mexico City: two case reports

Jorge Méndez-Navarro, Nayeli X. Ortiz-Olvera, Margarita Villegas-Ríos, Luis J. Méndez-Tovar, Karin L. Andersson, Rosalba Moreno Alcantar, Víctor E. Gallardo-Cabrera, Sergio Félix, Carlos Galván, Gilka Vargas, Luz M. Gómez, Margarita Dehesa-Violante

Abstract

We present two cases of acute liver injury resulting from consumption of wild mushrooms. The first case was a male who developed acute hepatitis after ingestion of diverse mushrooms including Amanita species. His clinical course was favorable with complete recovery of liver function. The second case was a male who developed acute liver failure (ALF) after ingestion of Amanita bisporigera. He required MARS therapy as a bridge to liver transplantation but transplantation was not performed because he succumbed to multiorgan failure. There are few trials demonstrating the efficacy of the different treatments for mushroom poisoning. These cases demonstrate that the consumption of wild mushrooms without proper knowledge of toxic species represents a serious and under recognized health problem.

Key words. Mushroom poisoning, Amanita, Acute liver failure, Treatment. MARS, Amatoxins, Mushroom hepatotoxicity, Fulminant hepatitis

Article Metrics

The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

ALEH Hepatología CASL ACEF Médica Sur
Index Copernicus PubMed

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