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Case Series Regarding Parastomal Variceal Bleeding: Presentation and Management

John Romano, Charles V. Welden, Jordan Orr, Brendan McGuire, Mohamed Shoreibah

Abstract

Parastomal variceal bleeding (PVB) is a serious complication occurring in up to 27% of patients with an ostomy and concurrent cirrosis and portal hypertension. The management of PVB is difficult and there are no clear guidelines on this matter. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), sclerotherapy, and /or coil embolization are all therapies that have been shown to successfully manage PVB. We present a case series with five different patients who had a PVB at our institution. The aim of this case series is to report our experience on the management of this infrequently reported but serious condition. We also conducted a systemic literatura review focusing on the treatment modalities of 163 patients with parastomal variceal bleeds. In our series, patient 1 had embolization and sclerotherapy without control of bleed and expired on the day of intervention due to hemorrhagic shock. Patient 2 had TIPS in conjunction with embolization and sclerotherapy and had no instance of rebleed 441 days after therapy. Patient 3 did not undergo any intervention due to high risk for morbidity and mortality, the bleed self-resolved and there was no further rebleed, this same patient died of sepsis 73 days later. Patient 4 had embolization and sclerotherapy and had no instance of rebleed 290 days after therapy. Patient 5 had TIPS procedure and was discharged five days post procedure without rebleed, patient has since been lost to follow-up.

Key words. Transjugular intraphepatic portosystemic shunt, Embolization, Sclerotherapy, Cirrhosis, Portal hypertension

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The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

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