Yong-Ping Zhen, Xian-Yang Zhong, Yu-Shu Huang, Can-Bin Zheng
Introduction and aim. Hepatitis C virus core-binding protein 6 (HCBP6) was previously found to be an hepatitis C virus corebinding protein, its biological function remains unclear. Our research aims to investigate the role of HCBP6 in the development of hepatic steatosis induced by high-fat diet and carbon tetrachloride (CCL4) in rats. Material and methods. Eighteen Wistar rats were randomly allocated into 3 groups: control group, model group 1, and model group 2. The control group was treated with a standard diet for 5 weeks. Model groups were treated with high-fat diet and CCL4 injection twice a week for 3 weeks in Group 1 and 5 weeks in Group 2, respectively. After the intervention, hepatic steatosis was observed by histological staining with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Oil Red O staining. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total colesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TGs) were measured. The TG content in liver homogenates was evaluated. Expressions of HCBP6 and SREBP-1c were determined by immunofluorescence, quantitative real-time PCR, and Western blot analysis. Results. Hepatic steatosis was successfully induced in model groups. ALT, AST, TC, and TGs elevated in model groups compared with those in control group (P < 0.05). Hepatic steatosis induced by high-fat diet and CCL4 resulted in low expression of HCBP6 and high expression of SREBP-1c in the liver of rats (P < 0.05). Conclusion. HCBP6 is involved in the development of high-fat diet- and CCL4-induced hepatic steatosis and related negatively with SREBP-1c.
Key words. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease., Hepatitis C virus core-binding protein., SREBP-1c.