Leonardo A. Martínez, Elena Larrieta, Juan J. Calva, David Kershenobich, Aldo Torre
Background. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses: fatty liver (SS), steatohepatitis (NASH) with or without fibrosis and cirrhosis. Patatine-like phosphatas in domain 3 (PNPLA3; adiponutrin; SNP rs738409 C/G, M148I) shows anabolic and catabolic activities on lipid metabolism and significant association to fatty liver content; however, I148M demographics and ethnics, as its role with NAFLD have not been fully elucidated. Material and methods. PNPLA3 genotyping from peripheral blood DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing, 211 patients diagnosed with NAFLD including SS, NASH and fibrosis spectrum. Results. Eighty nine per cent showed the G risk allele [CC: 23 (10.5%), GC: 73 (34.7%), GG 115 (54.7%)], the allele frequency was 77%, NASH (71%), SS (80%) and fibrosis (73%). GG genotype carriers showed 3.8 times (CI 95%: 3.03 - 4.79) of increased risk of steatohepatitis and 2.3 times more (CI 95%: 1.77 ~ 3.23) risk of having liver fibrosis (CC). PNPLA3 (GC, GG) conditioned higher probability of low levels of HDL cholesterol (p < 0.010), SS even in normal weight (p < 0.007), insulin resistance by HOMA (p < 0.029), NAFLD fibrosis score showed > 0.675 (p < 0.001) and altered serum alanine aminotransferase (p < 0.05). Conclusion. PNPLA3 expression in Hispanics could be decisive in NAFLD pathogenesis, it's highly prevalent and it's a key to condition and determine the spectrum associated, SS, NASH and fibrosis.
Key words. Patatine-like phosphatas in domain 3., Hepatic steatosis., NAFLD., Sllele I148M., Mexico.